New PDF release: 42 Fallacies

By Dr. Michael Cooper LaBossiere

This booklet offers descriptions and examples of forty two universal casual fallacies: advert Hominem advert Hominem Tu Quoque attract the results of a trust attract Authority attract trust entice universal perform entice Emotion entice worry entice Flattery entice Novelty attract Pity attract acceptance attract Ridicule entice Spite entice culture Begging the query Biased Generalization Burden of evidence Circumstantial advert Hominem Fallacy of Composition complicated reason and impact Fallacy of department fake limitation Gambler’s Fallacy Genetic Fallacy Guilt through organization Hasty Generalization Ignoring a standard reason heart flooring deceptive Vividness Peer strain own assault Poisoning the good publish Hoc Questionable reason purple Herring Relativist Fallacy Slippery Slope distinct Pleading highlight Straw guy Wrongs Make a correct

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Extra resources for 42 Fallacies

Sample text

So, it has got to be good. Example #4: A reporter is interviewing the head of a family that has been involved with a feud with another family. Reporter: “Mr. ” Reporter: “But why? ” Hatfield: “I don’t rightly know. ” Hatfield: “Stop? What are you crazy? This feud has been going on for generations so I’m sure there is a darn good reason why it started. So I aim to keep it going. It has got to be the right thing to do. ” Begging the Question Also Known as: Circular Reasoning, Reasoning in a Circle, Petitio Principii Description: Begging the Question is a fallacy in which the premises include the claim that the conclusion is true or (directly or indirectly) assume that the conclusion is true.

One form of this line of reasoning is known as a “reductio ad absurdum” (“reducing to absurdity”). In this sort of argument, the idea is to show that a contradiction (a statement that must be false) or an absurd result follows from a claim. For example: “Bill claims that a member of a minority group cannot be a racist. However, this is absurd. Think about this: white males are a minority in the world. Given Bill’s claim, it would follow that no white males could be racists. ” Since the claim that the Klan, Nazis, and white supremacists are not racist organizations is clearly absurd, it can be concluded that the claim that a member of a minority cannot be a racist is false.

Bill: “I see. ” Jane: “I don’t know. ” Example #2: Dave and Kintaro are arguing about Stalin’s reign in the Soviet Union. Dave has been arguing that Stalin was a great leader while Kintaro disagrees with him. Kintaro: “I don’t see how you can consider Stalin to be a great leader. ” Dave: “Yeah, well you say that. However, I have a book at home that says that Stalin was acting in the best interest of the people. The millions that were killed were vicious enemies of the state and they had to be killed to protect the rest of the peaceful citizens.

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42 Fallacies by Dr. Michael Cooper LaBossiere

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