By Daniel J. Levitin
From The New York instances bestselling writer of THE equipped brain and this is often YOUR mind ON track, a primer to the serious pondering that's extra invaluable now than ever.
We are bombarded with additional info on a daily basis than our brains can process—especially in election season. it truly is raining undesirable facts, half-truths, or even outright lies. New York Times bestselling writer Daniel J. Levitin shows tips to realize deceptive bulletins, records, graphs, and written reviews revealing the methods mendacity weasels can use them.
it is changing into tougher to split the wheat from the electronic chaff. How will we distinguish incorrect information, pseudo-facts, distortions, and outright lies from trustworthy info? Levitin teams his box advisor into categories—statistical infomation and defective arguments—ultimately displaying how technological know-how is the bedrock of severe pondering. Infoliteracy potential figuring out that there are hierarchies of resource caliber and bias that variously distort our details feeds through each media channel, together with social media. We may possibly count on newspapers, bloggers, the govt, and Wikipedia to be factually and logically right, yet they so usually are usually not. we have to imagine significantly concerning the phrases and numbers we stumble upon if we wish to be triumphant at paintings, at play, and in taking advantage of our lives. this implies checking the plausibility and reasoning—not passively accepting info, repeating it, and making judgements in line with it. Readers learn how to steer clear of the extremes of passive gullibility and cynical rejection. Levitin's captivating, exciting, available consultant might help a person get up to an entire lot of items that are not so. And trap a few mendacity weasels of their tracks!
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Additional resources for A Field Guide to Lies: Critical Thinking in the Information Age
Now, suppose you read that the average number of children per family in a suburban community is three. You might conclude then that the average child must have two siblings. But this would be wrong. This same logical problem applies if we ask whether the average college student attends the average-sized college, if the average employee earns the average salary, or if the average tree comes from the average forest. What? All these cases involve a shift of the baseline, or sample group we’re studying.
Steel did it back in the 1940s. • • • In criminal trials, the way the information is presented—the framing—profoundly affects jurors’ conclusions about guilt. ” But that doesn’t mean that statistic will apply on your street, in your bridge club, or to anyone you know. It might or might not—it’s a nationwide average, and there might be certain vulnerability factors that help to predict who will and who will not divorce. Similarly, you may read that one out of every five children born is Chinese.
Images here, here, here, here, here © 2016 by Dan Piraro, used by permission. Image here © 2016 by Alex Tabarrok, used by permission. com. Image here © 2016 by Tyler Vigen, used by permission. org. Image here is public domain and provided courtesy of Harrison Prosper. , author. Title: A field guide to lies : critical thinking in the information age / Daniel J. Levitin. Description: New York : Dutton,  | Includes bibliographical references and index. Identifiers: LCCN 2016007356 | ISBN 9780525955221 (hardcover) | ISBN 9781101985588 (export) Subjects: LCSH: Critical thinking.
A Field Guide to Lies: Critical Thinking in the Information Age by Daniel J. Levitin